The difference between data and information is that Data is a collection of facts, figures or instructions that can be interpreted or processed to gain information by a computer or human. Information is the interpreted or processed form of data that can be used for decision making.
A collection of raw facts and figures that have not been analyzed, arranged and processed. It may consist of letters, alphanumeric values, and digits also. data is represented by alphabets (A-Z, a-z), digits (0-9) or special characters (+,-,/,*,<,>,=). Each student’s test score is an example of data.
A well-analyzed, arranged and also the processed form of data that have some meanings is called information. It is meaningful, interpreted and processed form of data that is used for decision making. The average score of a class or school is an example of information.
Data Vs Information
Data and information are interconnected. The main difference between data and information is, data usually consist of raw facts or figures that have not been arranged, analyzed and processed while information is arranged, analyzed and processed form of raw facts or figures.
Information is “knowledge delivered or received related to some specific reality or situation”. Furthermore, it consists of a well-arranged sequence of symbols/signs that can be evaluated to provide insight facts about a particular matter. The average score of a class or school is an example of information.
Data consists of statistics, letters, or a set of alphabets. Most data is collected by means of measurement. When data is processed or computed, it can be represented in the form of structure. This structure may be a table, data tree or a graph. Each student’s test score in the class is an example of data.
Basically, data itself has not enough importance. Until it is not evaluated to get required meanings or information.
Difference Between Data and Information in Tabular Form
|Data is an unsystematic, unorganized and unrelated entity.||Information is systematized, accurate and understandable.|
|Derived from the Latin word “Datum” means something given.||Derived from the French verb “informare” means to inform.|
|Measurements units of data are Bits, Nibble, Byte, KB, MB, GB, TB, PT, EB, ZB, YT.||It comes the second level of intelligence hierarchy.|
|Data deteriorates with the passage of time.||Information is critical in sense.|
|Data may be consist of letters, digits or single words.||Information is a well-arranged sequence of letters and digits that of some meanings.|
|Data itself has no meaning.||The information must contain knowledge.|
|Data is independent.||Information is dependent.|
|Data is the raw facts that have not been analyzed and processed.||Information is the knowledge produced after processing.|
|Data does not consist of specific facts and figures.||Information is specific about some topic or subject.|
|Computer considered data as input.||Information is the result/ output of the data being processed.|
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