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A data breach is a new security breach in which the user’s personal information is disclosed without the owner’s permission. Names, email addresses, passwords, phone numbers, dates of birth, credit card numbers, etc. are important information that hackers target.
With the advancement of technology, more information from us is transmitted to the digital world and as a result, cyber-attacks have spread. Information breaches usually occur when an organization has a source of basic and sensitive data and information.
Due to the increase in cybercrime, strict regulations have been imposed on companies to protect consumer data. In Europe, information breach companies are fined approximately 4% of their annual revenue.
What is a Data Breach?
Data breaches are a special type of security breach. This is where attackers successfully gain access to data that they should not have access to. Attackers usually detect security breaches and then steal data, which leads to data breaches.
But there are other types of data breaches. For example, an organization may accidentally leave sensitive data in an unsafe location. If people can access data that they cannot access, it is a data breach.
How Does a Data Breach Happen?
There are many ways in which data can be compromised. According to Kastle Systems, hacking is the most common cause of data breaches, followed by poor security. Hackers have used malware in almost 50% of data breaches. They have used social engineering in 25% of violations.
Hackers can put malware on the target computer through techniques like spam. An email will trap the user to click on the download link on the device. Another way to hack a computer is with social engineering attacks such as phishing. This is where hackers create fake sites, trapping users to enter their username and password.
Types of Data Breaches
There are two common types of information breaches:
- Violation of the information of organizations that people trust and put their personal information in, such as banks
- Violation of the information of companies that obtain the information of individuals through the participation of third-party data such as credit bureaus.
How is Information Breached?
Because cybercrime is a profitable industry for criminals, these attacks are mostly targeted and are usually carried out in the following four ways:
Weaknesses of the Organization’s Software System
Sometimes a bug in an organization or company’s software system acts as a bug that allows an attacker to inject malware into the system and use it to steal information.
Using a Weak Password
Hackers can guess users’ weak and insecure passwords, especially if they contain keywords or phrases. This is why users are always advised to use complex and intricate passwords that include specific numbers, letters, and characters.
Downloading viruses or malware that is unintentionally done by the user is another way for attackers to infiltrate.
Targeted Attacks of Trojans
Attackers use phishing or spam tactics to force the user to disclose their information. The most common way malware enters your computer is via email.
8 Ways to Prevent Data Breaches
- Use strong passwords
- Check your credit reports regularly.
- Constant monitoring of financial accounts
- Use HTTPS when browsing the web
- Security in the use of smart devices and the use of passwords
- Be aware of spam, scams, and other suspicious communications
- Use only secure URLs (especially in financial transactions).
- Back up your data and files.
- Make sure the software you are installing is secure.
- Keep your hardware and software up to date.
The big question is always what answer should we have to properly defend against hacking and data breaches? In response, it should be noted that the most important point is that at the individual level, everyone buys their software from reputable sources.
Always keep them up to date. Have a reliable network connection. Do not connect to Wi-Fi networks in an unknown location. Be careful in dealing with others. Do not reply to any anonymous emails or messages. And use a two-step password system.
Companies and startups must consult with well-known companies. And use strong security systems to deal with hacking and data breaches.
I hope you understand the concept of a data breach and how to protect your important data from hacker attacks. If you still have any queries write us in the comment section. We will respond to you as earliest as possible.