Environment| Definition, Components and Importance of Environment

Do you ever notice in which society or a place you live what it is actually? If not, then I will explain it in this post. It is actually called an Environment. It is actually the surrounding around us. “the Term Environment is the Fundamental notion basis of Ecology, being the susceptible it is necessary to protect it”. Some most important facts about the Environment I will keep before you in this post, so read it carefully.

What is an Environment?

The environment is the set of chemical compounds, physical elements, and living things that are part of an environment. All of these interact, depending on the survival of others. In simple, the Environment is the surroundings around us.

That is, in an environment co-exist both biological or living elements, such as animals and humans, as well as those abiotic elements. The latter can be chemical compounds or non-living materials.

Another point to consider is that the environment is also made up of those man-made elements, from what may be a small cabin to a large construction.

Air Pollution

Functions of Environs

Provide a Supply of Resources

  • Environments provide resources for production.
  • This includes both renewable and non-renewable resources.
  • Examples: furniture wood, earth, soil, etc.

Sustain Life

  • The Environment contains Water, Air, Soil, and Land which are essential to sustain the life
  • It sustains life through the provision of biodiversity and genetics.

Assimilates Waste

  • The different production activities create the different wastes
  • This occurs mostly in the form of garbage
  • The Environment helps in getting rid of the Garbage

Life Quality Enhance

  • The Environment enhances the quality of life
  • Sustains Life
  • Supports the Livings
  • Maintains the temperament of the living
Land Pollution

Types of Environment

There are several branches of the Environment which are discussed below:

Marine Environment

The Environment in which the animals are living under the water for their survival. Marine Environments support Marine life. Marine Ecosystems are Marine Environments that contain salts that are essential for some living organisms.

Terrestrial Environment

These are the harshest conditioned environments in which some harsh conditions-bearing species can survive. Terrestrial Ecosystems are those which are found on the surface of the earth. These include Taiga, Tundra Forest, Temperate Deciduous Forest

Air Environment

The Air Environment is the interaction between our atmosphere and the Climate. The Air Environment contains nitrogen (78.1%), oxygen (20.9%), argon (0.93%), and other trace gases such as carbon dioxide and ozone about (0.035%).

Types of Surrounding

The Environments are conceptually different. See the methods below for grouping or classifying fields

Internal and External Environment

Physically, the environment can be internal or external. The internal environment is the interior of a multicellular organism. Regulation of the organism’s internal environment through homeostasis is essential for the survival of the organism. The peripheral zone refers to the area outside the body. The next section is about the external environment.

Natural and Built Environment

The environment can be natural or constructive. The natural environment is the type of environment that exists in nature. It includes all-natural, living, and non-living objects. Thus, this includes the complex relationship between weather, climate, species, and natural resources.

Unlike the natural environment, the human-made environment is created by people, for example, as a result of the evolution of agriculture or the urban environment. Thanks to human intervention and massive changes, many natural environments have acquired some degree or level of “construction”.

It is clear that man is part of the environment. However, male intervention creates a constructive environment. Humans have developed sophisticated tools to adapt the components of the environment to their needs.

Some species may also use tools such as raw materials to build nests, mounds, dams, and habitats. But their devices are original, and their effects are often not as great as those of human devices and technologies. Human technology has spread throughout the world, directly or indirectly affecting every aspect of the environment.

Aquatic, Terrestrial, and Air Environment

According to the factors, the environment can be divided into (1) aquatic environment (sea, ocean, lakes, rivers, and other freshwater), (2) terrestrial (terrestrial) environment, and (3) terrestrial environment. Atmospheric environment Medium (air)

The marine environment is the largest known environment and is characterized by the presence of very salty water. Freshwater environments, on the other hand, have lower levels of salinity. The marine environment represents 97% of the world’s water.

Organisms in marine environments communicate with each other and with their physical environment. These environments are of great importance to humans as a primary source of food and resources. Pollution, acidification, and warming of the sea pose a threat to the marine environment due to human activities.

External Environment Components

There are some external components of the Environment which include the biotic and abiotic components.

Air, Soil, Water

The crust is the surface of the earth and is also known as the lithosphere. Boulders are part of the landscape. The natural source of the lithosphere is the hardening of magma.

Water (hydrosphere) is an important component of the environment. It covers about 71% of the land area. It occurs in oceans, rivers, seas, and lakes. The ocean covers a large part of the earth. They have shallow seas and saltwater in the sea.

Unlike oceans and seas, rivers contain fresh water and flow into seas, lakes, oceans, or other rivers. Some rivers flow inland but do not reach other sources of water and dry up. The river flows through a canal. The water cycle is complete as water is collected from glaciers, groundwater recharge, and aquifers. A small stream is called a river. They are important to the environment because they connect different habitats and sustain life.


Organisms describe all living things on earth, such as bacteria, protists, algae, fungi, plants, and animals. Life has existed on Earth for over 3.7 billion years. In general, they are characterized by metabolism, growth, organization, adaptation, reproduction, and reproduction. It includes all living things in the environment. The biosphere is called the biosphere. There are many different organisms in the biosphere. Organisms have certain traits and properties that make them suitable for certain situations.

The biome is an ecosystem of different organisms that can adapt to the environmental and climatic conditions of a particular geographic location; Thus, a biome is a large environment that includes both biotic and abiotic factors such as light, temperature, precipitation, and other factors.

A biome is divided into 6 zones, which can be terrestrial or aquatic. Terrestrial ecosystems include grasslands, forests, tundra, and deserts, while marine ecosystems include freshwater and seas. Biodiversity is useful in ecological research and ecosystem adaptation because it provides information about the environment and how it develops, adapts, changes, and functions.





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