Categories: Computer Science

What is Data Security?

Data security refers to the process of protecting data from unauthorized access during its life cycle. Data security includes basic data encryption and management methods that protect data across all applications and operating systems.

Information security may include protecting your physical location with locks and security cameras to prevent hackers, as well as providing security such as password protection or multi-factor authentication.

Why is Data Security Important?

The data your company collects, stores, and exchanges is a valuable asset. Protecting it from corruption and unauthorized access by internal or external agents will protect your company from the gradual loss of money, reputation, customer trust, and your brand.

Additionally, government and data security laws require your company to comply with these rules and regulations in any business. The importance of data security lies in the following points:

  • Reduce the risk of data breaches and attacks on IT systems.
  • Apply security controls to avoid unauthorized access to sensitive information.
  • Prevent outages, such as denial of service attacks.
  • Protecting IT systems and networks from electronic attacks.
  • Reducing downtime for key services and operations to ensure the organization’s business continuity.
  • Ensure business continuity by protecting IT data and assets.
  • Protect confidential information from security threats.

What is the Security Threat?

Security Threat Unauthorized access to your documents is possible. This unauthorized access may be from:

  • Business competitors who want competitive information about your business.
  • Dissatisfied employees who intend to harm you and your business in any way.
  • Credit card and bank account thieves who want to steal money from you.
  • Hackers take pride in their ability to unlock passwords and other security measures and access any website as they like.
  • Types of viruses spread on the network.

Components of Data Security Systems

There are many components that make up an information security system, and they work closely together to achieve information security. An information security system consists of the following four basic components:


This information is an integral part of the security system, it is governed by a set of standards, such as those established by the International Standards Organization, the process must be carried out systematically, and it must be constantly reviewed. To avoid errors and risks.


Representing workers, consultants, contractors, and technicians. These categories should be present with appropriate numbers and specializations, appropriate skills, experience, and motivation.


These are the technologies that are already available and developed, the technology market is competitive and the product life is relatively short.


Concerning the ethics of organization towards society. Personnel is a cultural aspect of running a successful information security system, apart from the cooperation and commitment of senior management in an organization to protect the information in both documented and distributed policies.

Information Security Measures

Strengthening information security measures is essential to ensure the security of our information. Information protection measures include:

Technical Measures

This includes hardware and software that protects data such as antivirus software, firewalls, and data encryption technologies.

Regulatory Measures

Including creating an internal unit dedicated to information security, limiting access to sensitive data and systems, and limiting it to specific employees.

Human Measures

Educating employees about information security includes holding courses and conferences to raise awareness of information security and the correct way to protect against cyber threats.

Physical Measures

This includes controlling physical access to devices and data centers.

How Do Unauthorized People Access Your Data?

You can use the Document Security Management System to prevent unauthorized access to your data. However, you should first think about how unauthorized people can access your documents and content. We’ve mentioned a few here. But know that new ways to gain unauthorized access to data are constantly evolving.


Spyware is software that is placed on your computer and collects confidential data such as browsing habits, passwords, credit card numbers, and bank accounts. Then the spyware sends this data to the manufacturer. By installing spyware detection and removal software, you protect yourself from these things.


Experts familiar with how computers and security systems work can access data on the system remotely. They can steal or destroy data as soon as they arrive. Hacking is possible while sending data. You often install a firewall or other security device to prevent this type of unauthorized access.

Viral Attacks

Viruses are programs that spread to a computer and the network (including the Internet). They infiltrate your system in various ways and then corrupt the data. This loss usually includes complete data destruction. You are probably familiar with virus attacks and antivirus software.

This way, both humans and software can gain unauthorized access to your data.

Ways to Ensure Data Security in Organizations

Data security is a complex sector that is constantly evolving to deal with such threats. In a short article, we can only deal with this problem in general.

Organizational Security

Develop organizational policies that clearly define the data that everyone has access to. Policies should also define what each individual can do with the data. Then implement procedures that require full verification before accessing any data.

For example, confidential data is stored in highly secure and accessible places. Passwords and firewalls in computer systems protect access to this data. Tracking methods report everything a person does with the data.

Security Software

Antivirus, spyware, and firewall software can make it difficult for all hackers to access your data.

Data Encryption

Wherever digital information is sent on a network, it must be encrypted before and after it is sent and after it is received, and only authorized persons must have encryption keys to read the transmitted documents.

Data Support

There should be either automatic or manual ways to back up the data. If you lost your basic data, it will help you to recover the data.

Security Checks

Periodically review the results of security measures and unintended cases of security breaches, and update your security tools based on those findings.

Expert Support

In the complex and expanding field of security, your best option is to attract skilled people who are experts in the field.


This is a general overview of data security. if you like this article share it on your social accounts. Write us in the comment section if you still have any queries. Thank you!



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