Categories: Computer Science

Cyber Security, Its Challenges And Threats

Cyber Security is a set of protocols designed to protect your information from hacker attacks. If this data protection is well done in cyberspace, you can recover your data in critical situations such as a crash or hard drive failure, or power outage.

To better understand cyber security, we must first understand what cyberspace is. In this article, we will answer this question and look at the types of cyber security and the threats that arise in this area.

What is Cyberspace?

Today, people spend more time in the virtual world than in the real world. The Internet is the oxygen that makes it possible to live in this world, without which there is no life in this world. This is cyberspace. Online games, chat rooms, social networks, etc. Everything is part of cyberspace.

What is Cyber ​​Security?

As you can see, cyberspace covers many areas of information and communication, so the security issue is very important at this point. Cyber Security is the protection of networks and systems containing information so that it can be modified or transmitted if it is attacked or destroyed in more complex situations.

This has created serious challenges in the region as the number and complexity of networks and the increasing number of hacker attacks have turned cyber security into an endless struggle.

To maintain cyber security, you need hardware and software that can perform its tasks without any hassle and with perfect compatibility.

Every electronic device that people use contains information and can be attacked by a cyber attack. Computers, tablets, cell phones, smart electronic systems and all must be protected to keep the valuable information of individuals and companies safe.

Principles of Cyber Security

As we have said, providing cyber security is like a constant war, with 7.9 billion cyberattacks in 2019 alone, significantly doubling from the previous year. Most of the attacks targeted the medical and financial information of individuals.

Whether you are a regular user who uses cyberspace on a daily basis or runs a large business in the area, cyber security is an important type of expense to spend. Of course, on a larger scale, such as military and government agencies and similar entities, cyber security is becoming increasingly important.

In today’s high-speed electronic world, information is a force to be reckoned with, and it is important that people keep their information out of the reach of attackers and act with peace of mind.

Without cyber security, the personal information of individuals and companies would fall into the hands of profiteers and have irreparable consequences such as deceiving individuals and so on.

Types of Cyber Threats

Cyber ​​threats are generally divided into the following three categories for the purpose for which they are pursued:

Cyber ​​Crime: Hackers attack organizations and networks individually or in groups to undermine cybersecurity.

Cyber ​​Attacks: The reason of Cyber ​​attacks are often aimed at gaining access to political information.

Cyber ​​Terrorism: Hackers deliberately destroy electronic systems and networks to disrupt public order and terrorism. Some of the most common methods used by hackers to access users’ information are virus development, malware, and phishing.

Network Threats: Users, Devices, and Communication Channels (Wireless and Wired Networks), as well as various cyber threats such as intrusion, denial of DoS service, attack on denial of service – DDoS, malicious twins, and medium Human attacks, are subject to flooding. Attacks, botnets, viruses, ransomware, and more.

Active Campaigns: In these attacks, the hacker tries to infiltrate the network, insert malicious code on the network, and disrupt the network. These attacks are recognizable and recognizable, but unfortunately, they are difficult to stop.

Inactive Attacks: In these attacks, the hacker can tap the information without changing it and leak important information. In these attacks, it is very difficult to detect and identify the hacker because the information does not change and no information is lost. Therefore, in this case, the most effective and efficient way to prevent these attacks.

Application Threats: All applications, from database management systems to desktop, mobile and server applications, can be vulnerable to threats that allow hackers to infect systems.

For example, hackers can use cache to alter program code and customization and infect main memory with malicious code that could pave the way for malware to enter the system. Therefore, programs are constantly needed. Ensure protection against attacks. Renewal and testing.

Endpoint Threats: Nowadays, due to isolation and coronation, many telecommunications jobs increase the number of employees connected to a remote enterprise network from home, resulting in personal organization and network infiltration. There is a risk of information theft. The system will rise.

Data Manipulation Threats: If a hacker breaks into a computer or network with the intent to manipulate database information, he can edit the information and upgrade and delete his licenses. Such as a network administrator.

Identity Threats: In identity theft attacks, hackers can gain access to confidential information about employees and passwords by impersonating a company’s managers and senior executives. Phishing is one of these types of attacks.

Database and Infrastructure Risks: If the router is not set up properly or crashes, it can be easily targeted by hackers, giving them access to resources, networks, and large systems. In the event of an attack on infrastructure, hackers can hack into servers to achieve their goals. The issuance of bitcoin or cryptocurrency is illegal in this way.

Mobile Device Threats: Mobile phones and tablets are great tools for printing on corporate networks. Enough to persuade an employee of a large company to install malware on their phone just to detect a security challenge for the company.

Tips For Keeping Your Information Safe in Cyberspace

Cybersecurity comes at a huge cost to the economy every year, so consumers should follow the following basic and useful tips to protect their information from profiteers:

  • Report a data breach.
  • Seek the services of a security expert to protect your information.
  • Get permission for business applications that require user data.
  • Anonymize data for privacy.
  • Do not disclose information to the public so that you do not have to answer to law firms.
  • In case of lack of data, report it to the concerned authorities as soon as possible.
  • Inform all levels of the organization about the dangers of general social engineering scams such as social engineering and phishing emails, typing, and URL smuggling.
  • Invest in the purchase and use of tools for controlling access to information, restricting access to corporate information by third parties or contractors, and continuous leaks, databases, and information leaks.
  • Use long, complex passwords with two-factor or multi-factor authentication to secure access to user accounts.
  • Since the authentication system uses two or more different security layers to protect access to the accounts, one must take into account if the hacker can accurately guess the account password. There will be additional security measures.
  • It is best to use secure communication methods such as virtual private networks to connect to the enterprise network. This prevents hackers from making intermediary attacks easier.
  • It is better not to use public WiFi to connect to corporate networks or send important information as it is possible for hackers to intercept the information.
  • Upgrade your software and operating system. It is best to use the latest links.
  • Use anti-virus software. This security solution detects and eliminates threats. Remember to always keep your antivirus up to date.
  • Do not open links received from anonymous senders as they may contain malware.
  • Do not click on email links from anonymous senders or unfamiliar websites.
  • Use antivirus or security programs for your devices.
  • Change your password at short intervals.
  • Run your computer firewall.
  • Properly encrypt your information.
  • Take seriously the tips for making fake internet addresses of banking portals.
  • Enable 2-step encryption in your applications so that your information can be accessed without verification.
  • Do not use public WiFi or misleading Internet networks to connect to corporate networks or important and vital.
  • information, as information may be leaked.
  • Take your software and antivirus updates seriously.
  • Delete anonymous emails without opening them, but if you do open the email, do not click on the links.
  • Do not connect an anonymous USB to your laptop and computer.

Types of Cyber Security

The cybersecurity for companies and organizations is classified as follows:

Critical Infrastructure Security: Critical infrastructure includes communication networks, traffic lights, health centers, etc., which can serve as a gateway for hackers to access large networks, even if they are not the target of cyberattacks.

Network Security: Network security includes ways to protect corporate networks. One of these methods is the use of websites by users through cookies, which of course has its drawbacks.

Cyber ​​Security Using Cloud Space: Using Cloudspace provides high security for access, in addition to many benefits in terms of memory occupancy and accessibility.

Firewall Software: Security applications serve as additional security for applications so that if a hacker succeeds in bypassing the security barrier of the application, he will get stuck here and not be able to develop further. ۔

Application Security: Before installing an application or program, you must first provide a good site for its security.

Information Security: The security of information is maintained while transferring or storing data while maintaining the integrity and confidentiality of information.

Operational Security: Functional security is a mechanism for protecting and controlling data. For example, every user has some access while using the network and there are restrictions on storing or sharing its resources.


Data leaks are on the rise, leading to the release of sensitive information in social networks such as identity theft and public places. Important information such as social security numbers, credit card information and bank account details can be stored on cloud storage services such as Darbbox or Google Drive.

The truth is that all cyberspace users use and rely on computer systems to carry out their day-to-day activities. This makes us more reliant on cloud services, while the underlying weaknesses in cloud services, smartphones, and the Internet of Things are not accurately identified.

Therefore, it is important to understand the difference between cyber security and information security, even if the technical capabilities of the two terms are the same.

Every company needs to teach its employees and staff how to disclose information and reduce the risk of hacking and access to company resources by hackers. Some of these exercises are described above.

Hope you understand the concept of cyber security. If you still have any queries write us in the comment section. If you like this article share it with your friends and social account. Thank You!

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